The Cayman Islands is home to an array of native birds and during peak season, the islands play host to over 200 other species. Seven protected sanctuaries exist here too. On Cayman Brac, a 180-acre parrot reserve allows you a glimpse of the endangered Brac Parrot. Others commonly spotted are Tricoloured Herons, Common Moorhen, Green Herons, Black-Necked Stilts, American Coots, Blue-winged Teal, Cattle Egrets and rare West Indian Whistling Ducks.

10 Amazing Things 

you never knew about the Cayman Islands and its wildlife.


The Cayman Islands are part of a mountain range called the Cayman Ridge, which rises more than 7,500m – or the size of a very large mountain in the Himalayas – from the ocean floor. The abyss known as the Cayman Trench is very deep and home to the hottest hydrothermal vents in the world. These are cracks in the seabed from which superheated water, up to 450˚C emerges. Unique life forms live here, including a species of eyeless shrimp that has a light-sensing organ on its back. Having said that, the highest point above sea level is near the east end of Cayman Brac – and that’s just 46.6m.


There are no rivers in the Cayman Islands. As the islands are the peaks of a limestone mountain, and limestone is really porous, all the water just runs through it rather than off it. This lack of ‘run-off’ means that the visibility in the sea is exceptional and makes Cayman one of the world’s top diving locations.


There are many parrotfish in the Cayman Islands and what’s interesting about parrotfish, apart from the fact that they can go from being male to being female and back again, is that they excrete sand. They munch on rock and coral, and it comes out as sand. Which is why there are so many great beaches on the islands.


Cayman has its very own blue dragon, an iguana found nowhere else in the world which is incredibly rare and really is blue. It is estimated there were about a dozen of these amazing beasts remaining in 2002, making it ‘Functionally Extinct’ but thanks to an extensive breeding programme in Grand Cayman the blues are back in force. In 2012 over seven hundred were counted, taking the species off the ICUN Red List as ‘Critically Endangered’, they are now classified as ‘Endangered’ and are prevalent enough to be spotted, you can even walk right up to them.


In the middle of North Sound on Grand Cayman, wild Southern stingrays gather in huge numbers at a place called ‘Stingray City’. You can get in the water with them, and meet them personally, your boat captain will even be able to tell you some of their adopted ‘names’.


The Cayman Islands are home to three sea turtle species: the green, the loggerhead, and the hawksbill. Green and loggerhead turtles nest on beaches all around the Cayman Islands, including Seven Mile Beach. From May to September, female turtles crawl up onto the beach to lay eggs in the sand, and from July to November the eggs hatch. Each nest produces about 100 baby sea turtles! Hawksbill turtles can be seen in Cayman waters while snorkelling or scuba diving. By the early 20th century, the Cayman turtle nesting population was nearly extinct, but due to conservation efforts, nesting numbers are now increasing each year.


The only native land mammals of the Cayman Islands are bats. Some of them only eat fruit such as wild almonds and some only eat insects such as moths, beetles and mosquitoes. There’s also the buffy flower bat, which is only found in the Caribbean and drinks nectar from flowers like a hummingbird.


There are over 230 birds in the Cayman Islands. Little Cayman has the largest colony of red footed boobies in the Western Hemisphere. A close relative of the Atlantic gannet, these remarkable birds may fly up to 125km in a single day on a fishing trip, and then 125km back home again, and can be away for more than 12 hours.


The Grand Cayman pygmy blue Brephidium exilis thompsoni is a Grand Cayman endemic subspecies of butterfly, found nowhere else in the world. It was first discovered in 1938 and was not found again until 1985, when two colonies were located on the north and west coasts.


In a secret bay on Grand Cayman, one of only a dozen places worldwide, there exists the rare and magical phenomenon of bioluminescence. This extraordinary natural light show is caused by a high concentration of a particular species of plankton alongside red mangroves and minimal light movement in the sheltered water, resulting in a stunning bioluminescence light, best seen on very dark nights on a tour with companies specialising in bioluminescence tours.

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From attractions to local businesses, explore a taste of what the Cayman Islands has to offer below.